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Title: Passive forward-scattering radar using digital video broadcasting satellite signal for drone detection
Authors: Raja Abdullah, Raja Syamsul Azmir$Other$Other
Alhaji Musa, Surajo$Other$Other
Abdul Rashid, Nur Emileen $Other$Other
Sali, Aduwati$Other$Other
Salah, Asem$AAUP$Palestinian
Ismail, Alyani$Other$Other
Keywords: passive forward-scattering radar
Digital Video Broadcasting Satellite signals of opportunity
air traffic monitoring and surveillance
Drone detection
Issue Date: 19-Sep-2020
Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute -Remote Sensing
Citation: Raja Abdullah, Raja Syamsul Azmir, Surajo Alhaji Musa, Nur Emileen Abdul Rashid, Aduwati Sali, Asem Ahmad Salah, and Alyani Ismail. "Passive forward-scattering radar using digital video broadcasting satellite signal for drone detection." Remote Sensing 12, no. 18 (2020): 3075.
Series/Report no.: Remote Sensing 12, no. 18 (2020):;3075
Abstract: This paper presents a passive radar system using a signal of opportunity from Digital Video Broadcasting Satellite (DVB-S). The ultimate purpose of the system is to be used as an air traffic monitoring and surveillance system. However, the work focuses on drone detection as a proof of the concept. Detecting a drone by using satellite-based passive radar possess inherent challenges, such as the small radar cross section and low speed. Therefore, this paper proposes a unique method by leveraging the advantage of forward-scattering radar (FSR) topology and characteristics to detect a drone; in other words, the system is known as a passive FSR (p-FSR) system. In the signal-processing algorithm, the empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is applied to the received signal to extract the unique feature vector of the micro-Doppler frequency from the drone’s rotating blades. The paper highlights the p-FSR experimental setup and experiment campaign to detect drones. The experimental results show the feasibility of the p-FSR using a signal transmitted from a satellite to detect flying drone crossing the forward-scatter baseline between the satellite and ground station.
Appears in Collections:Faculty & Staff Scientific Research publications

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